Credit Scores – Facts and Fallacies

Fallacy: My scores determines whether I will get credit or not! Fact: There a number of facts that a lender will consider before making a credit decision. This well includes your FICO scores. They look at the amount of your debt and figure out whether you will be a potential risk to their finance after extending new credit. They also go through your employment history and credit history. Based on their perception of this information and the specific underwriting policies, lenders may grant credit to you even if the scores are low, or decline your request for credit even if you have high scores.

Fallacy: A poor score will haunt me forever.Fact: This is not true. Your credit scores depict your financial picture at a particular point of time. It keeps on changing when new information is added to your bank and credit bureau files. Your scores will keep changing after your creditors report your account status to the bureaus. Lenders request a credit score when you have submitted a credit application. They will get the most recent information from the bureaus if you have already been paying regularly to your other creditors.Fallacy: Credit scoring is unfair to minorities.Fact: Scores are based on credit related information only. Gender, race, nationality and marital status do not put any affect on your credit scoring module. Equal Credit Opportunity Act (ECOA) prohibits lenders from taking this information when issuing credit. The policies should be same for minorities or people with little credit history.

Fallacy: Credit scoring infringes on my privacy.

Fact: Any lender will have to evaluate your credit potential on the basis of your credit bureau report, credit application and/or your bank file. They don’t need to go through any other information to decide whether to offer credit or not. Lenders using scoring sometimes ask for less information – fewer questions on the application form, for example.

Fallacy: My score will drop if I apply for new credit.

Fact: If it does, it probably won’t drop much. If you are applying for too many credit cards within a short time, there will be inquiries showing on the credit report. Looking for new credit might equate with higher risk. If you are having inquiries from auto or mortgage lenders, it will have a least affect on your credit scores and will show up as a single inquiry.

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